Convolutional Neural Networks and Long Short-Term Memory for skeleton-based human activity and hand gesture recognition

Publicado en Pattern Recognition

Abstract

In this work, we address human activity and hand gesture recognition problems using 3D data sequences obtained from full-body and hand skeletons, respectively. To this aim, we propose a deep learning-based approach for temporal 3D pose recognition problems based on a combination of a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) recurrent network. We also present a two-stage training strategy which firstly focuses on CNN training and, secondly, adjusts the full method (CNN+LSTM). Experimental testing demonstrated that our training method obtains better results than a single-stage training strategy. Additionally, we propose a data augmentation method that has also been validated experimentally. Finally, we perform an extensive experimental study on publicly available data benchmarks. The results obtained show how the proposed approach reaches state-of-the-art performance when compared to the methods identified in the literature. The best results were obtained for small datasets, where the proposed data augmentation strategy has greater impact.